A sequential process of nonviolent conflict-resolution and social change based on Dr. Martin Luther King’s teachings.
- Information Gathering – The way you determine the facts, the option for change, and the timing of pressure for raising the issue is a collective process.
- Education – The process for developing articulate leaders, who are knowledgeable about the issues. It is directed toward the community through all forms of media about the real issues and human consequences of an unjust situation.
- Personal Commitment – Means looking at your internal and external involvement in the nonviolent campaign and preparing yourself for long-term as well as short-term action.
- Negotiation – Is the art of bringing together your views and those of your opponent to arrive at a just conclusion or clarify the unresolved issues, at which point, the conflict is formalized.
- Direct Action – Occurs when negotiations have broken down or failed to produce a just response to the contested issues and conditions.
- Reconciliation – Is the mandatory closing step of a campaign, when the opponents and proponents celebrate the victory and provide joint leadership to implement change.
We often view the Six Steps as a phases or cycles of a campaign rather than steps because each of them embodies a cluster or series of activities related to each of the other five elements.
At the center of non-violence stands the principle of love